Conference: The Laws of War and Military Justice from 1700 to the Present

Venue: German Historical Institute Paris

Date: 14-16 January 2015

Organisation: Steffen Prauser (IHA) and Hanna Sonkajärvi (Universidad del Pais Vasco)

Conference Programme:

Wednesday 14th January 2015

14h30                Welcome and Registration

Thomas Maissen (Director of the IHA), Hanna Sonkajärvi (Universidad del País Vasco), Steffen Prauser (IHA),

15h00                Military Justice in the Early Modern Period

Sandro Wiggerich (Universität Münster), Why Military Justice? – History of an Argument

PD Dr. Markus Meumann (Universität Erfurt), Searching for the Origins of the Conseils de Guerre in Seventeenth Century France

Discussion followed by a coffee break

16h30                Family, Gender, and Eighteenth Century Military Justice

Maria Sjöberg (Gothenburg University), Family Matters and Military Justice in Eighteenth Century Wars

Marianna Muravyeva (Oxford Brookes University), Creating a Model Citizen: Sex Crimes and the Military in Eighteenth-Century Russia

Discussion followed by a leg stretch

18h00                Laws of War in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

Renaud Morieux (Cambridge University), The Laws of War and the Laws of the Prison. French and British Prisoners of War in the Eighteenth Century

Jakob Zollmann (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung),  N.N.


Thursday 15th January 2015

9h15                  Military Justice in the First World War

Sebastian Steiner (Universität Bern), Between Peace and War: Swiss military justice in the First World War

Terry Patton (Open University), Field General Courts Martial in the British army during the First World War

Discussion followed by a coffee break

10h45                Decolonisation and International Law I

Fabian Klose (Leibniz Institute of European History Mainz), Decolonization and International Humanitarian Law

Kerstin von Lingen (Universität Heidelberg), Transcultural Legal Debates in the wake of Cold War and Decolonization: The impact of the United Nations War Crimes Commission (UNWCC) on International Law


12h00                Lunch

14h00                Decolonisation and International Law II

Andrew Thompson (University of Exeter), Rewriting the Geneva Conventions: Political Detention, Article 3 and Decolonisation


14h45                European Military Courts in the Aftermath of the Second World War in Asia

Lisette Schouten (Universität Heidelberg), Justice in times of turmoil. Postwar trials in the Dutch East Indies, 1946-1949

Anne-Schoepfel-Aboukrat (Universität Heidelberg), War, War Crimes, Power and Justice: the French Military Court in Saigon (1946–1951)

Discussion followed by a coffee break

16h15                The Laws of War in the First World War

Daniel Palmieri, (Archives Unit International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), Geneva), Une autre forme de justice ? Le CICR face aux violations de la Convention de Genève durant la Grande Guerre


17h00                N.N. (Talk of representative of the Minister of Defence) followed by a coffee break

18h00h              Key note speech

Karma Nabulsi (University of Oxford), From Grotius to the Present: Ideal Theory as an Instrument for Legitimising War Crimes. How the Modern Laws of War are under Siege by a New Language Re-Defining the Nature of War, the Distinction between Combatants and Non-Combatants, and the Rights of Civilian Populations

Comments opening the discussion: Céline Spector, Université Bordeaux Montaigne

Friday 16th January 2015

9h15                  Military Courts in the aftermath of the Second World War in China and Russia

Anja Bihler (Universität Heidelberg), Japanese War Crimes and the Post-World War II Interpretation of the Laws of War in the Republic of China

Valentyna Polunina (Universität Heidelberg), The development of Soviet war crimes trials policy during and after the Second World War

Discussion followed by a coffee break

10h45h              Ethical and Legal Issues of Today’s Military Operations

Peter Gray (University of Birmingham), Drone Law: Legal Issues on the Use of Remotely Piloted Vehicles

Michael L. Gross (University of Haifa), May Guerrillas Use Human Shields to Defend Against Drones and other Threats?


12h00                Summing up (Hanna Sonkajärvi (Universidad del País Vasco) Steffen Prauser (IHA))

Entrée libre sur réservation préalable:

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